Oligospermia is the decreased number of sperm in the male ejaculation. Less than < 15 million sperm/mL in a single time ejaculation is termed as Oligospermia. This is further divided into mild, Moderate and severe categories as mild (10–15 million sperm/mL), moderate (5–10 million sperm/mL), and severe (< 5 million sperm/mL). Less number of sperm means that less sperm are coming out in semen of the men’s penis. Not even a single sperm present in the semen is called Azoospermia which is usually rare.
The normal count in a man’s semen ranges from 15 million sperm to more than 200 million sperm/ ml, if it’s less than 15 million, it means the person is suffering from oligospermia.
Any male who is unable to produce a child without protective sexual intercourse may be suffering from Oligospermia. Signs can be seen in cases of imbalances in hormones, dilated testicular vein or any other disorder which restrict the passage of sperm. Some of the visual signs which can be seen are loss of libido, erectile dysfunction, pain, swelling or extra growth in the testes, hormonal or chromosome defects.
The reproductive status of the man usually remains in the dark until he is not able to reproduce. Most of the cases the cause remains unnoticed as the sperm count can increase and decrease depending on the functioning of hypothalamus, pituitary glands and testes. The changes in these organs can be temporary or permanent depending on medical issues, environmental factors and lifestyle choices.
Some medical health problems are usually related to low sperm count. Some of them are as follows:- Varicocele: Enlargement in the veins of the testes causes swelling in the testis is called varicocele. Sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, etc causes infection in the urethra causing low sperm count. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can cause the decrease in the sperm cells. Improper use of medical drugs like steroids may cause changes in the reproductive system functioning and affect the sperm count. • Environmental reasons Environment plays an important role in reducing sperm count. The factors responsible are: Extensive exposure to chemicals like lead, X-rays, radiation etc can cause low sperm count. Regular exposure to very hot temperature like taking bath with very hot water or using hot water bath tubs regularly Extensive cycling causes extensive heat production and can thus affect sperm count.
Some of the lifestyle changes can also cause low sperm count they are: Some of the weight reducing drugs usually reduce the sperm count or quality. Excessive alcohol consumption, regular smoking on a regular basis reduces testosterone levels and thus decreases the sperm count. Nowadays steroid rich protein in the gym also affects the sperm count. Prolonged stress and excessive weight can also be the factors affecting the male fertility and reducing the sperm count.
Oligospermia can be correlated with Shukra kshaya in Ayurveda which can be treated with holistic approach of Ayurveda. Highly knowledgeable and experienced Ayurveda practitioners at Ayur Healthcare focuses on correction of diet and lifestyle and Panchakarma cleansing treatment like massage, shirodhara, induced purgation (virechana), medicated enemas (vasti) and oral Ayurvedic herbs like Ashwagandha, Shilajit, Safed musli (according to patients health condition) after these Panchakarma treatments. Ayur Healthcare also focuses on rejuvenation therapies to increase the quality and quantity of the sperm and also focuses on the special branch of Ayurveda known as Vajikarana (Aphrodisiac medicine.)