Hemiplegia is a medical condition in which injury occurs to parts of the brain which controls movement of the limbs, trunk, face etc. It may affect one side of the body either left or right depending on the side affected. The disease may suddenly or may develop with the passage of time. Loss of sensation and control in the affected area is the characterised feature of hemiplegia. The brain is anatomically divided into two hemispheres. The right side of the brain controls the left side i.e means if the right is affected in the brain the hemiplegia occurs to the left side. The incidence rate of hemiplegia is 56.9 per 1,00,000 and affects male more than female.
Hemiplegia may be due to sudden injury to the brain due to accidents of fall, haemorrhage, stroke, infections like meningitis, brain tumours, congenital abnormalities like cerebral palsy. Ancient authors mention vitiated vata to be the main causative factor of the disease. The changing life style, bad food habits lead to the vitiation of vata, which is considered to be the chief among the doshas. The symptoms mainly include loss of power and movement of the half side of the body, minor sensory deficit, dysarthria, atrophy due to disease, stiffness
Hemiplegia is divided into two types depending on the cause of the disease i.e . ischemia and haemorrhage. As a result there is a destruction of brain tissue caused by lack of blood supply to the brain causing various abnormalities. These two causes can because of a wide range of diseases like hypertensive encephalopathy, vascular disorders, infective disorders of brain
tissue, tumours or abscess, trauma, internal artery occlusion etc.
The patient may experience total /partial loss of sensation on one side, changes in cognition, mood or perception. Difficulty in speech, seizures, spastic attacks in which there is movement in muscles without conscious control.
Panchakarma therapies in combination with Ayurvedic medicines improves the Quality of life in hemiplegic patients. Ayurveda correlates this condition with Pakshaghata, and classified it as one among vata vyadhis. The Treatment of Hemiplegia is focused on improving sensation, motor abilities allowing the patients to better manage their activities of daily routine. But there is not much treatment modality in chronic patients because of residual spasticity. Ayur Healthcare focuses on Ayurvedic treatments which are basically herbal oil massage, herbal oil bath, Herbal bolus bag, Herbal rice bolus bag, sweating and mild purgation, Nasya and Shirodhara. Ayur Healthcare also focuses on basic exercise to remove stiffness and spasticity
Ayur Healthcare will provide the custom made tailored diet and lifestyle guidelines to follow Avoid excessive use of spicy, astringent and salty food Avoid oily food and incompatible diet. Black gram, horse gram, onion, garlic, ginger, radish, ash gourd, green gram etc should be used in regular diet. Fruits like pomegranate, grape or papaya should be consumed Low fat and a high fibre should be consumed in diet. Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart diseases should be controlled. Excessive exercises, starvation should be avoided and suppression of natural urges should not be done. Alcohol consumption, smoking should be avoided as it may worsen the condition.