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Psychiatric Disorders In Children

The branch of science dealing with the diagnosis and management of mental disorders in children is known as child psychiatry. Child psychiatry holds its root from 19th century in the western world. The pshyco pharmacology was first practiced on brain damaged and hyperactive children in modern world. Later it was classified as developmental disorders, attention and behavioural disorder, physcosis, neurosis, eating disorders, anxiety and depression and
gender identity disorder. Ayurveda describes the mental disorders in children as Graha badha. The earliest descriptions of these literatures are available from 500BC. Ayur Healthcare follows the Ayurvedic principle that mind and body are inseparable and the coherence of body ,senses, mind and soul makes life. The mental growth starts at the embryonic stage itself as early as 5 months .So proper care should be taken during the entire pregnancy by the mother for the wellbeing of the mental health of the child. Anger and fear at that time can cause anxiety in children. The child psychiatry itself as a branch “ KAUMARBHRITYA” does exist in Ayurveda and it incorporates and gives all necessary values and information for the proper upbringing of a child and its mental stability.

Ayur Healthcare follows the traditional methods of child psychotherapy in Ayurveda. This includes oil massage, eye drops, nasal drops, Sirodhara (dripping oil into forehead), Shirom vasthi,(pool of oil kept on the head covered with cloth )internal herbs and medications. The herbs and diet has a direct role in the Ayurvedic child psychiatry. Food has to be chewed properly and taken with good consciousness. Several food items which are considered to poison the mind are also to be avoided. The type of foods which is more hot and sour tends to increase angry and grief in children. The excitation of Vayu in this condition leads to different psychiatric diseases in children.  They are presented as irritability and somatic complaints in children. The Kapha dominance shows the lack of developmental progress in any of the domains.

Ayur Healthcare focuses on the mind that has different qualities namely satwika (divine, knowledge, discriminative ability), Rajas (violence, envy and agitation),tamas (dullness, sleep).All the sensory and physical activities of the body are affected by the quality of mind. Ayurveda says mind is active all aver the body. So the deeds we do and the food we eat can affect the quality of mind and hence in the formation of diseases. Ayur health care carefully
picks herbs and plans diet based on doshik balance, age, disease and nature of the child to suit their personalised needs. Specific examinations will also be helpful for diagnosing the paediatric psychiatric problems more accurately such as EEG, Thyroid tests, toxicology screening, neurological examination and serological studies. The detailed physical examination and history by the experts of Ayur Health care helps in arriving at an Apt Ayurvedic Diagnosis with the help of the Pulse examination. These services are provided in a higher fashion to meet the complete therapeutical requirements of the child.

Ayur Healthcare’s special paediatric packages help in balancing the Tridosha and improving the Satwa or auspicious part of the children’s mind helping them gaining potential enough for proper thinking and Emotional balance. Ayur health care’s plan for the children’s psychiatric therapy is a combination of Diet and herbs. Use of vegetables like ash gourd, bitter guard.
Carrots, leafy vegetables like spinach, lettuce, fresh fruits like bananas, mangoes, apples, grapefruit, fresh berries, cucumber, and kiwifruit help in reducing mental disorders as they are rich in micro nutrients. Serotonin present in the fruits will help in enhancing the mood. Reduce starch and include whole grains and legumes. Add virgin coconut oil and olive oil to
your everyday diet as salads.

Ayur Healthcare opines to include herbs like gooseberry and Aswagandha in the form of decoctions or tea in every day diet. These herbs which are rich in vitamin C and carotenoids and play a crucial role in guarding against the oxidative stress of the body. The Ayur care herbs contain the water-soluble vitamins like vitamin C and B, calcium, magnesium, and zinc, which are essential for optimal cognitive and emotional brain functioning. Evidence research shows the raw herbs, fruits and vegetables in regular use lower psychiatric problems during the upbringing of the children.

Ayur Healthcare therapies for the paediatric psychiatric problems like Sirodhara (dripping oil into forehead), Shiro vasthi (Therapy of pool of oil) focuses on psychomotor abilities of the children like sitting, standing ,walking, cognitive abilities of the children like better understanding and mental reasoning, improvement in both verbal and nonverbal interactions,
destructive behaviour to injure himself or others. Ayur health care focuses on emotional and moral behavioural development of the child with the traditional holistic approach and makes them able to perform their tasks independently.